Melanoma is a form of skin cancer, more common is U.S., about 9000 people die in a year worldwide because of the tumour. Tumours originate in the melanocytes region – pigment producer of the basal layer of epidermis.
The disease appears when there is a long exposure of scorching sunlight. The UV rays break through the cell damaging the DNA. This affects the structuring and integrity of DNA. A-T-G-C base pairs gives DNA its shape of double helix, and the job of DNA is to transcribe and translate the proteins through RNAs.
A research indicates that if preventive measures are not undertaken then the rise of this type of cases would spike high. The cancer is very fatal if not treated in time. A tumour is heinous to its neighbourhood and remotely located body cells, i.e., the whole body is affected by a cancer.
Teenages have been using tanning indoors for quite some time now, but a new governmental study revealed that the use of indoor tanning has dropped. Tanning indoors invites the risk of being potentially be affected by melanoma. Some people even found to have got sunspots and sunburns when they are outdoors under the exposure of sunlight, so the protection is actually working against the protection itself in the long term. It is disturbing to see that some millions of people still use it worldwide.
Melanoma resembles moles, but the tumour can be coloured too, such as red and pink and blue.
Below are some warning signs that you should never ignore
2Vertical dark streak on nail
It’s not frequent that melanomas of the nail can develop – but they absolutely can. Famously Bob Marley died at age of 36 of acral lentiginous melanoma which appeared as a dim spot under his toenail and spread to his liver. The cancer can appear like a pigmented dark streak down your nail, or something that looks like a blood blister towards the base of the nail. Because of this warning sign on your nails, remember to remove nail polish when you go for a skin check.